Children with dyslexia often display specific problems that parents and teachers can readily recognize. It is not always possible to diagnose a child’s condition through informal observation – but it is often helpful to consult a list of symptoms before referring a child for a formal evaluation.
Characteristics That May Accompany Dyslexia
- Lack of awareness of sounds in words-sound order, rhymes, or sequence of syllables
- Difficulty decoding words-single word indentification
- Difficulty encoding words-spelling
- Poor sequencing of numbers, of letters in words, when read or written, e.g. b-d; sign-sign; left-felt; soiled- solid; 12-21
- Problems with reading comprehension
- Difficulty expressing thoughts in written form
- Delayed spoken language
- Imprecise or incomplete interpretation of language that is heard.
- Difficulty in expressing thoughts orally
- Confusion about directions in space or time (right and left, up and down, early and late, yesterday and tomorrow, months and days)
- Confusion about left and right handedness.
- Similar problems among relatives
- Difficulty in handwriting
- Difficulty in mathematics-often related to sequencing steps or directionality or to the language of mathematics.